Skip to main content

Table 1 List of RET climber species of the Southern Western Ghats

From: Rare, Endangered and Threatened (RET) climbers of Southern Western Ghats, India

S. No Botanical name Family Mode of dispersala Usesb References
1. Abrus fruticulosus Wight & Arn. Fabaceae AU M Data Deficient [17]
2. Aganosma cymosa (Roxb.) G. Don, Apocynaceae AN M Rare to Western Ghats of Tamil Nadu.
3. Ampelocissus latifolia (Roxb.) Planch. Vitaceae M vulnerable (IUCN book, 1997)
4. Argyreia nervosa (Burm. fil.) Bojer Convolvulaceae M Rare [2]
5. Aristolochia tagala Cham. Aristalochiaceae AU M Nearly threatened [43]
6. Asparagus fysonii J.F.Macbr Liliaceae ZO E Rare [34]
7. Asparagus racemosus Willd. Liliaceae ZO M & E Threatened [46]
8. Bauhinia phoenicea Wight & Arn. Fabaceae ZO M Endemic To Western Ghats [4]
9. Bauhinia vahlii Wight & Arn. Fabaceae ZO M Rare to Tamil Nadu
10. Celastrus paniculatus Willd. Celastraceae ZO M Nearly threatened [43]
11. Ceropegia mannarana P.Umam. & P.Daniel Asclepiadaceae M Endangered [46]
12. Corallocarpus gracilipes Cogn. Cucurbitaceae ZO Intermediate [2]
13. Coscinium fenestratum (Goetgh.) Colebr. Menispermaceae M Critically endangered [37]. Endemic to India (1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants)
14. Cucumis dipsaceus Ehrenb. ex Spach Cucurbitaceae ZO E Rare to India
15. Gloriosa superba L. Liliaceae ZO M Endangered in Western Ghats [5, 44]
16. Grewia heterotricha Mast. Tiliaceae M Endangered [23]
17. Gymnema khandalense Santapau Asclepiadaceae ZO Endengered [2]
18. Hemidesmus indicus R. Br. Asclepiadaceae M Depleted in Western Ghats [5, 19, 44]
19. Ipomoea cairica (L.) Sweet Convolvulaceae AN Vulnerable
20. Ipomoea muelleri Benth. Convolvulaceae AN Rare to Tamil Nadu
21. Ipomoea rumicifolia Choisy Convolvulaceae AN Rare to Tamil Nadu
22. Operculina turpethum (L.) Silva Manso. Convolvulaceae AN Endangered in peninsular India [41]
23. Oxystelma esculentum (L. f.) R. Br. ex Schult. Asclepiadaceae AU M Least concern (IUCN 2011)
24. Passiflora leschenaultii DC. Passifloraceae AU E Endemic to peninsular India [34]
25. Piper longum L. Piperaceae AU E Endangered in Tamil Nadu [2]
26. Pterolobium hexapetalum (Roth) Santapau & Wagh Mimosaceae ZO M Endemic to peninsular India [34]
27. Pueraria tuberosa DC. Fabaceae AN Vulnerable [2]
28. Rubus racemosus Roxb. Rosaceae E Rare [2]
29. Sarcostemma viminale (L.) R.Br. Asclepiadaceae ZO Endangered
30. Smilax wightii A. DC. Smilacaceae AN E Endemic to Southern western Ghats, sasi Rare [30, 34]
31. Smilax zeylanica L. Smilacaceae ZO E Least concern in Tamil Nadu [2]
32. Solena amplexicaulis (Lam.) Gandhi Cucurbitaceae ZO E Intermediate (Kerry Scott Walter and Harriet J. Gillett, 1997)
33. Toxocarpus beddomei Gamble Asclepiadaceae ZO Rare [30, 31]
  1. a ZO Zoochory, AU Autochory, AN Anemochory, HY Hydrochory
  2. b M Medicinal, E Edible